Guidelines for First-Time Credit
A first credit card can be exciting, tempting, and intimidating. If you are getting your first credit card (or your child is getting their first card), here are some ideas to keep in mind.
- A credit card is serious business. The issuing company is lending you money, and you have responsibilities.
- One card is probably enough. Avoid temptation by only having one.
- Keep the credit limit low. Depending on how you are going to use it, $500 or $1,000 is high enough for most first-time credit card users.
- Pay off the entire balance each month. Avoid service charges, and build a good credit record.
- Make payments on time. This helps build a good record and avoids late payment charges.
- Use the card for emergencies. Start off slowly with this new convenience. Keep using cash, check cards, and checks for most purchases, especially until you get comfortable with the card.
- Never let others use your card. You are responsible for all charges on your card. Do not let others borrow it or give out the number.
- Keep track of your use of the card, and compare your records with what shows up on the monthly statement.
- Keep the card active. Even if you are only using the card for emergencies, use it for small purchases every three or four months just to keep it active. Then be sure to pay off the balance before any interest is due.
- Avoid using the card for cash advances. The interest rate charged for cash advances is usually higher than the purchase rate, and interest is charged immediately.
- Create a spending and budget plan. Do not let your credit card payments exceed 20 percent of your monthly income.
- If having a credit card turns out to be a problem, get rid of it, or stop using it for a while.
Here are some other things to keep in mind about your credit card.
- The credit card companies make money by charging interest on long-term balances. Often the rates they charge are relatively high.
- Choose a card that fits how you are going to use it. First-time users should probably find a card that has low (or no) annual fees and low interest rates. If you are not going to use it much, the benefits such as rewards (air travel or cash back) will not compensate for the fees usually found with these types of cards.
- Having a good credit record is important. Those with good records usually find that getting credit is easier, and they often qualify for lower rates on their borrowing.
- Investigate the details of the card thoroughly. Be sure to understand all the fees and how interest charges are calculated.